Donation of organs will happen when a person allows healthy transplantable organs and tissues to be removed, either after death or while he/she is alive, and transplanted into another person. kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones, bone marrow, skin, and corneas. Some organs and tissues can be donated by living donors, such as a kidney or part of the liver, most donations occur after the donor has died. For living donors, extensive testing before the donation, including psychological evaluation to determine whether the would-be donor understands and consents to the donation.
For dead donors, the process begins after confirmation the death by a neurologist. Verification of death is often done multiple times, to prevent doctors from overlooking any remaining sign of life. After death, the hospital may keep the body on a mechanical ventilator and use other methods to keep the organs in good condition. Donors and their families are not charged for any expenses related to the donation. After the surgeons remove the organs, they are transported as quickly as possible to the recipient, for immediate transplantation. Most organs only survive outside the body for a few hours, so recipients in the same region are usually chosen. In the case of a dead donor, after the organs are removed, the body is normally restored to as normal an appearance as possible, so that the family can proceed with funeral rites and either cremation or burial.
Organs must be removed as soon as possible after the determination of brain death, while circulation is being maintained artificially. Tissues may be removed within 12 to 24 hours.
Almost 1.5 lakh people in India need a kidney but only 3000 of them receive one.90% of people on the waiting list die without getting an organ. India's annual liver transplant requirement is 25,000, but we manage only about 800. Hepatitis C patients may donate organs to a patient who also has Hepatitis C. The same is for Hepatitis B. Most cancer patients may donate corneas.
Every adult can be an organ donor. If parents give consent, even children can be organ donors. A donor can donate: Up to 100 years: Corneas, skin up to 70 years: Kidneys, liver up to 50 years: Heart, lungs up to 40 years: Heart valves.
How does organ donation help patients with organ failure?
For organ recipients, a transplant often means a second chance at life. Vital organs such as the heart, pancreas, liver, kidneys and lungs can be transplanted to those whose organs are failing. It allows many recipients to return to a normal lifestyle. For others, a cornea or tissue transplant means the ability to see again or the recovery of mobility and freedom from pain.
So let us help the needy to have a new life.
Organ Donation Guidelines in India Click Here